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Lugger

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According to D. Steel a lugger (luger) had two and sometimes three masts. The third mast was set on the stern and the boom protruded it. The bowsprit was set nearly horizontally. Bretaign was the Motherland of two-masted and lugger-type rigging vessels. In the 18th century the were called 'chasse-maree' (French - the hunters of tides). These ships had a round stern, undeckers, not long than 15 m and quite less than three-masted luggers (to 25 m). On both masts they carried only one lugger sail. The first mast stood at the place of a bowsprit and a keel junction. The mainmast in the middle of the vessel was highly inclined backwards. Large and very often with three masts luggers had decks, transom sterns and several sails. Fighting luggers carried also topgallant sails set on a 'flying' lengthening of the column mast together with lugger and topsails. At the time when the 'chasse-maree' of the 18th century had no bowsprit, luggers carried from 1 to 3 staysails. The lugger sails had a trapeziform and were joined to laths. A lath was hanged with the help of a sling fastened to it in the 1/3 of its length counting from the lower yardarm, not from the middle as it were occurred on other ships. Masts carried topmasts fastened to the back side of the mast's top by iron yokes. Sometimes additional pieces of wood were fastened to the topmasts, which carried topgallant sails. Rigging of lugger sails was very simple: halyards - the main and of the upper yardarm and braces. Sometimes topsails had brails and lower sails had a tack and a sheet as well as additional canvas - a studding sail.
The name of the sail on the third mast was called 'brotwinner' (German). The sheet of that sail was laid to the boom protruded the stern. In some cases they used supporting woods on large lugger sails. They were called 'spreizbaum' (German) and came from the German sailing navigation. These were poles with a fork at one end which was set into a hole of a reef-band on the weather side of the sail. Another end of the pole was installed on the deck in a specially made wooden support or tied it to the mast or to the railing. Masts' shrouds were packed by tackles.
Luggers were fast sailing ships and in the English Channel they were often used as smugglers. 'Chasse-maree' were mainly French vessels and luggers were English ones. Luggers entered into the French Navy Fleet in 1760.

 

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История кораблей
26.10.2007

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