История кораблей История кораблей История кораблей



This ship, the name of whom can be translated as 'mule', was the main cargo carrier in Arab trade. Her displacement was 150 - 500 t she had two and sometimes three masts. Her characteristic features were: an entire deck, gaff-deck and a straight sharply projected forward stem ended by a carved column-shaped head. Her transom decoration, side pockets and a round stern distinguished the stern part of the ship. Just at this place one could find traces of influence of European ships of the 17th and 18th centuries.
Masts in most of Arabian ships were inclined forward and a mainmast, standing in a step behind the largest beam, was tied to the post installed with the same rake as a mast and in the same step but before the largest beam. Depending on the size of a vessel there were 1 or 2 sheaves - block sheaves. 2 or 3 pairs of shrouds support the mast at its sides and the main mast had a main stay laid to the inner post. This stay was also installed on tackles. The Lateen yard was made of a piece of wood and on larger ships it was made of several pieces tied to each other. To the middle of the Lateen yard the halyard-clamp was tied. They tied the halyard to the halyard-clamp not to the Lateen yard itself. It was a single or a double halyard which was laid through a sheaves or sheaves on the topmast obliquely and down to the deck where it was ended by a multi-sheaved block. The bitts were inclined as the halyard and they were placed amidst the ship before the quarterdeck. With their cut sheaves the bitts represented the second block of halyard tackles. On larger vessels the bitts had two rows of block-sheaves. In the lower row there were three sheaves for a tackle and above them there were two other rows for a heaving halyard. The latter was belayed from the third upper part of the Lateen yard through a block on the topmast and then down and ended by two-sheaved block joined with sheaves in the bitts. A simple tightening yoke kept the Lateen yard near the mast. The fall of the yoke was belayed to the deck block near the bitts. Heavy Lateen yards had a Lateen tack, which in the form of tackles went to the bow 'anchor-beams'. Backstays also were parts of the Lateen yard rigging. The Lateen sail's head under the yard passed into a small weather side, which went under small angle as compared to the head and, consequently, the sail was four-angled one. It had a tack, a sheet and 1 or 2 halyards for handing the sails.


Models of sailing vessels
Models of sailing vessels

История кораблей

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