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Proa Majang

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When 'dow' is an European collective term for Arab vessels, then 'proa' (or 'prau', prahu') is also a common term covering a great number of the Malaysian-Indonesia types of vessels. It was typical for proa a super long square shingle sail fastened on two yards and hold on the mast by the first third of the upper yard. The sail lessened to one side at height that was why the yards were not parallel to each other. In case of 'proa Bedang' this lessening was so that on the far side from the mast two yards coincided with each other and they were tied together. So in that case the sail was triangular.
Usually yards represented themselves as slender Lateen yards. However in case of 'proa Majang' the lower (?) yard, as it is shown on the model from the German Museum in Munich, represented itself a heavy construction consisted of several pieces of wood. The mast was short and there was a sheave for a halyard on the top of the mast. The mast was supported from sides by three pairs of shrouds without dead-eyes or alike things. The shrouds were tied directly to a sling installed on the side railing posts. A double foremost stay on the forecastle behind the post embraced 'the holder' of a bowsprit (a simple beam extended between boards of the ship above the deck at the height of 1 - 2 feet) and it was fastened on the bow bitts.
The bowsprit was made out of two rigging logs extended outward at both sides of the post. The ends of the trees were put under 'the holder' and were tied to it. The outer end of the short right tree was tied to the long left (on the picture - the short tree is a left tree, and the long tree is a right one). The simple water-stay was tied inside the wooling of both trees. This water-stay went through a thimble in the bowsprit and was fastened on the bow bitts of the starboard. There was an opening on the outer end of the bowsprit through which a halyard of a triangular jib was belayed. This attractive jib and a gaff sail on a comparatively far distanced to the stern mizzenmast, perhaps, are to be referred to the European influence of contemporary colonial authorities. Proa's blocks were without sheaves. Tackles were laid on the bitts or slings. For example, in the foremost part of the ship at both sides there were thwarts in the openings of which these slings were tied when in need and they served for fastenings of ropes.

 

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История кораблей
26.10.2007

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