История кораблей История кораблей История кораблей

Roman Merchant Ship


The Roman grain carrier depicted on the picture is referred to 50s of A.D. Her length is 27 m, the width is 7.5 m and her draught is 2 - 2.5 m. Such a ship should have a tonnage not less than 250-300 t. Her mast was installed in the center of a rounded and a very solid hull. It carried a square sail, which was strengthened by two three-corned sails resembling later studding-sails. On the bow there was a short inclined mast like a bowsprit with a small sail - artemon. The existence of the artemon was a serious step forward as due to it the possibility of movement at lateral winds appeared. A swan head decorated the sharply curved stern. On the extruded side balconies - crinolines - there was a pair of powerful steering oars. Superstructure firstly appeared on the Roman grain carriers and it was prototype of a ship's bridge. The master of a ship and passengers were placed there.


Models of sailing vessels
Models of sailing vessels

История кораблей

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